Urgent Conservation Actions Needed for Mohenjodaro
By Dr A. Khan
Chicago, IL

The archaeological ruins of Mohenjodaro represent a unique masterpiece of human creative genius. Located about 400 km from Karachi, Mohenjodaro has been declared by UNESCO as a world heritage site. The city flourished for about 800 years during the third and second millennia BC, in the center of the Indus Valley Civilization . It is a living evidence of the earliest manifestation of urbanization in the Indo-Pak subcontinent. It is a vivid example of early town planning.

Mohenjodaro, since its excavation in 1922, has been threatened by saline action by the rise in the water table of the Indus River. About two years ago the control of the site was taken over by the Sindh government from the federal government. Since then no work of conversation has been in progress at the site, rather a deterioration of the site has been accelerated by holding the Sindh Cultural Festival 2014 at the ruins. Constructing a stage on top of the ruins of Mohenjodaro is a belligerent and criminal act. Many archaeologists believe that this process has caused an irreversible damage to an already weakened foundation of this neglected site. Government of Pakistan needs to take swift actions to stop the continuing damage and deterioration of Mohenjodaro ruins by taking effective measures:


  • All political activities should be banned at the site.
  • An inquiry should be initiated to gauge the damage caused by the Sindh festival activities.
  • Control of site should be taken from provincial government for taking effective measures for conservation at national level.
  • An international conference in collaboration with UNESCO should be conducted to chart out a plan to implement an ongoing conservation plan for Mohenjodaro.

Swift actions are needed to prevent the decline and decay of Mohenjodaro, before it’s too late and the city is lost forever. Mohenjodaro – the city of the dead – is a living testament to creative genius of an advanced civilization of the past. Mohanjodaro should stay for the future generations to admire the human creative genius. Haleem Sharar has eloquently captured the spirit of Mohanjodaro in his poem “ Mohenjodaro! Our Mohenjodaro !!


Let dead be thy owners

Mohenjodaro thou art ours

Ours - the human race's-


How anguished are thy children

O' thee - A great city of the past

The bricks are crumbling

The walls are covering

With growing deposit of minerals


Crown of ancient civilization

Thou was inhabited and shows none

Of thy dead


Pyramids brave the climate - but

Show what? - Majestic graves!


Preservation of Mohenjodaro is

A duty supreme

Not only entrusted to people of Indus

But the whole mankind.

Where else such a huge and

So ancient a human endeavor


To LIVE & SUBSIST in a socialized way

As old as thee

O' our Mohenjodaro

Can be witnessed by MAN?


Wait - our dear City of the Dead

Wait and don't you die too

As did your inhabitants

The givers of



And not only Subcontinent

But countries situated far away.









Editor: Akhtar M. Faruqui
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