By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Prophet Isa (Jesus) - Peace Be Upon Him: His Mission and Message


قُولُوا ءَامَنَّا بِاللَّهِ وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَمَا أُنْزِلَ إِلَى إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ وَإِسْحَاقَ وَيَعْقُوبَ وَالْأَسْبَاطِ وَمَا أُوتِيَ مُوسَى وَعِيسَى وَمَا أُوتِيَ النَّبِيُّونَ مِنْ رَبِّهِمْ لَا نُفَرِّقُ بَيْنَ أَحَدٍ مِنْهُمْ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ(البقرة 136)

Say ye: "We believe in Allah, and the revelation given to us, and to Abraham, Isma'il, Isaac, Jacob, and the Tribes, and that given to Moses and Jesus, and that given to (all) Prophets from their Lord: we make no difference between one and another of them: and we bow to Allah (in Islam)." (Al-Baqarah 2:136)

إِذْ قَالَتِ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَامَرْيَمُ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُبَشِّرُكِ بِكَلِمَةٍ مِنْهُ اسْمُهُ الْمَسِيحُ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ وَجِيهًا فِي الدُّنْيَا وَالْآخِرَةِ وَمِنَ الْمُقَرَّبِينَ(آل عمران 45)

Behold! The angels said: "O Mary! Allah giveth Thee glad tidings of a Word from Him: his name will be Christ Jesus, the son of Mary, held in honor in this world and the Hereafter and of (the company of) those nearest to Allah. (Al ‘Imran 3:45)

We believe in all the Prophets and Messengers of Allah. We respect and honor all of them without any discrimination. Islam emphasizes that all Prophets and Messengers of Allah preached the message of Tawhid (monotheism) and all of them invited human beings to worship Allah alone and live righteous life. Prophet Muhammad –peace be upon him- was the last and final Prophet of Allah, and through his message he reaffirmed and revived the authentic teachings of all the previous Prophets and Messengers.

This is the time of Christmas. Our neighbors, associates and co-workers are looking forward to celebrate Christmas tomorrow. Christmas is not an Islamic holiday, so we do not celebrate Christmas, but we do and we should express our good wishes to our neighbors in their holidays. It is important in a pluralistic society that people of different faith live in peace and harmony, allow people of all faiths to practice their faith freely and to wish them well.

Christmas is, however, about Jesus –peace be upon him- and is celebrated in his name. It is unfortunate that in the noise of celebration: Christmas lights, Christmas tree, Santa Clause and varieties of gifts and foods, the true message of Jesus is lost. Not too many people talk of his real message and mission. I would like to focus on the Mission and Message of Sayyidna ‘Isa –may peace and blessings of Allah be upon him.

Jesus -peace be upon him- was a great Messenger of Allah. In the Qur’an he is called ‘Isa. He is also known as al-Masih (the Christ) and Ibn Maryam (Son of Mary). He has many other beautiful names and titles in the Qur’an. His mother Mary or Maryam –peace be upon her- is also highly respected, loved and honored. Mary was a pious virgin who devoted her life in prayer and divine service. Allah’s angel one day visited her and gave her the good news of the birth of a blessed child. This was a miraculous birth as Mary was not a married woman. The Qur’an says that the virgin birth of Jesus was ‘a sign’ (ayah) of Allah. Christians took the virgin birth as ‘incarnation’ (God becoming a human being or the birth of the Son of God); Muslims take it as a special miracle. Some Prophets and Messengers were given special miracles according to the needs and challenges of their times. Since Jesus’ contemporaries used to deny the existence of spirit, they were shown the presence and the power of divine spirit by this unique birth. Jesus also performed many other miracles, such as bringing back to life some dead persons, healing the blind and lepers, speaking about the hidden things. Through all these miracles Allah showed to Jesus’ contemporaries that material was not the only thing. There is something beyond the material that must be recognized. Jesus reminds us about the power of Divine Spirit. The Qur’an emphasizes that Jesus performed all miracles not by his power but by the power of Allah and by the permission granted to him by Allah at a particular time and situation.

The Qur’an emphasizes that Jesus was sent to invite his people to the worship of One God, to do the righteous deeds and be kind and loving to others. He reminded his people to pay attention not only to the letters of the laws but also to the spirit of the laws. His message is summarized in the following beautiful words of Allah:

قَالَ إِنِّي عَبْدُ اللَّهِ آتَانِيَ الْكِتَابَ وَجَعَلَنِي نَبِيًّا {30}وَجَعَلَنِي مُبَارَكًا أَيْنَ مَا كُنْتُ وَأَوْصَانِي بِالصَّلَاةِ وَالزَّكَاةِ مَا دُمْتُ حَيًّا {31}وَبَرًّا بِوَالِدَتِي وَلَمْ يَجْعَلْنِي جَبَّارًا شَقِيًّا {32}وَالسَّلَامُ عَلَيَّ يَوْمَ وُلِدْتُ وَيَوْمَ أَمُوتُ وَيَوْمَ أُبْعَثُ حَيًّا {33}ذَٰلِكَ عِيسَى ابْنُ مَرْيَمَ ۚ قَوْلَ الْحَقِّ الَّذِي فِيهِ يَمْتَرُونَ {34}مَا كَانَ لِلَّهِ أَنْ يَتَّخِذَ مِنْ وَلَدٍ ۖ سُبْحَانَهُ ۚ إِذَا قَضَىٰ أَمْرًا فَإِنَّمَا يَقُولُ لَهُ كُنْ فَيَكُونُ {35}وَإِنَّ اللَّهَ رَبِّي وَرَبُّكُمْ فَاعْبُدُوهُ ۚ هَٰذَا صِرَاطٌ مُسْتَقِيمٌ {مريم 30-36}

He said, ‘I am a servant of Allah. He has granted me the Book, made me a Prophet, made me blessed wherever I may be. He commanded me to pray, to give charity as long as I live and to be kind to my mother. He did not make me domineering or graceless. Peace was on me the day I was born, and will be on me the day I shall die and the day I am raised up to live.’ Such was Jesus son of Mary. This is a statement of the Truth about which they are in doubt. It would not befit Allah to give a child. He is far above that: when He decrees something, He says only ‘Be,’ and it is. Allah is my Lord and your Lord, so serve Him: that is a straight path . (Maryam 19:30-36)

Jesus’ original teachings were not preserved in his own words and language; we only have in Greek translation what he most probably said. Some of his sayings and speeches even in the translation are very beautiful and powerful. These teachings are good for all people and for all times. I wish we all pay attention to the following words at this time. In his famous Sermon on the Mount he is reported to have said:

Blessed are the poor in spirit, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are those who mourn, for they shall be comforted. Blessed are the gentle, for they shall inherit the earth. Blessed are those who hunger and thirst for righteousness, for they shall be satisfied. Blessed are the merciful, for they shall receive mercy. Blessed are the pure in heart, for they shall see God. Blessed are the peacemakers, for they shall be called children of God. Blessed are those who have been persecuted for the sake of righteousness, for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. Blessed are you when people insult you and persecute you, and falsely say all kinds of evil against you because of Me. Rejoice and be glad, for your reward in heaven is great; for in the same way they persecuted the prophets who were before you. (Matthew 5:3-12)

Think not that I have come to abolish the law and the prophets; I have come not to abolish them but to fulfill them. For truly, I say to you, till heaven and earth pass away, not an iota, not a dot, will pass from the law until all is accomplished. Whoever then relaxes one of the least of these commandments and teaches men so, shall be called least in the kingdom of heaven; but he who does them and teaches them shall be called great in the kingdom of heaven. (Matt. 5:17-19)

( Khutbah at ISOC – Muharram 18, 1432/ December 24, 2010)


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Islam: The Middle and the Moderate Path

Basic Commitments of Muslims

Is there anti-Semitism in the Qur’an?

The Truth will Succeed

An Islamic Approach to Pluralism

Zakat and Charity - Our Gratitude to Allah

Al-Taqarrub ila Allah- Getting Closer to Allah

I’tikaf: Spiritual Retreat in Ramadan

Al-Istiqamah: Being Straight and Steadfast

Islam is Peace

Islamic Activism

Peace, Harmony and Good Community: Challenges Ahead for the Muslims of America

Does the Qur’an Teach Violence?

Jihad: Its True Meaning and Purpose

Relocating A Mosque

An Islamic Perspective on Stem Cells Research

Issues and Questions

Issues and Questions

Issues and Questions

Issues and Questions

Unity and Diversity

Issues and Questions

Issues and Questions

Courage and Hope: The Spirit of ‘Ashura’

The Spirit of Hijrah

Issues and Questions

Issues and Questions

The Sincere Faith

Zakat and Fasting in Shawwal

Issues and Question

Fasting for Pregnant and Nursing Women

Partition for Women inside the Masjid

Meetings before Marriage, Zakat to a Brother, Zakat to Pay off Business Loan, False Oath on the Quran, Halala

Friday Prayers, Saying Prayers in English, Adhan before Prayers, the Nature of Allah

Return Policy, Salat in a Church, Marriage, Women Praying Salat-ul-Janazah, Husband and Wife Praying Together, Muslim Imam Performing Christian Wedding

Differences Among Madahib, Rules About Migration, Avoiding Nikah Between Two Eids, Reincarnation

Islam: Faith and Civilization

Jallalah, Salat-ul-Jumu'ah, Nationality
Divorce, Selling Haram Things, Prayers, Non-Muslim Females in Masjid
Muslim Woman's Property, Niyyah for Prayers, Muslim Matrimonial Agencies, Muslim Activism
Women in Masjid, Alcohol-Based Perfumes, Divorce, Daughters' Share in Inheritance, Share of Adopted Children in Inheritance
Do Different Faiths Lead to the Same End?
White Gold, Issues of Mahr, False Oath
Quran on Number of Prayers, Husband-Wife Relations, Soyem and Chelum
Burial, Step Offsprings, Wearing T-Shirts in Masjids
Why Does Allah Allow Suffering and Evil in the World?
Opposite Sex Friends, God's Mercy, Praying Incorrectly, Husband's Last Name, Legal Divorce vs. Islamic Divorce
Missed Prayers, Euthanasia, Bank Interest for Charity
Sun Rising from the West, Pre-existence of Prophet Muhammad, Ghusl Janabah
Fate or Free Will, Nature or Nurture
Issues on Marriage and Sexual Relations Outside Marriage
April 21, 2000
Forgiveness in Islam
'Ashura' Fasting and the New Year of Hijrah
Crescent, Seven Heavens, Baptism
Divorce during Pregnancy, Allegorical Verses
Islam: the Way of Perfection
Why does Allah the Lord use the word "We" to refer to Himself?
Dhikr, Idul Adha
Zakat Issues, Concept of Barakah, Praying in Private, the Last Sermon of the Prophet (PBUH)
Praying in a Chair, Muslim Youth, Hajj Issues
Sunnah Mukkadah, Children of Step Parents, Bid'a, Religion's Role in Success in Life, Eid ul Adha

Zakat on 401K and IRA Accounts
Leading the prayer, Reading the Quran without Wudu, Women in Namaz-e-Janaza
The World Must Change
Issues on Zakat, Fitrah

What does Islam offer to humanity?

Zakat and Charity our Gratitude to Allah

Islam: The Middle and Moderate Path

Halal Meat, Praying Together, Leather Jackets, Cheating in Business, Divorce

Zakat and Charity - Our Gratitude to Allah

Ramadan : The month of Virtues and Blessings

Image of Youth in Islam

Our Positive Action Plan

Muslims and Non-Muslims in each other's Funerals

Prophet 'Isa (Jesus)-Peace be upon him: His Place and Honor in Islam

Does the Qur'an Teach Violence

Allah Akbar - Allah is Great

The Real Mission of Syyedna Husain

The New Year of Hijrah

Be Steadfast!

Faith and Trust in Allah

Lessons of History

The Prophetic Ethics: Our Daily Challenge

Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) - Allah's True Prophet

Dialogue of Cultures and Civilizations

The Spiritual Health

Relocating the Mosque

Can Incentives Resolve the Kashmir Conflict?

Gentle Answers to Some Attacks on the Qur'an and Prophet Muhammad

Justice and Compassion: Laws and Ethics in Islam

Ethnic and Racial Harmony: The Islamic Way

The Spititual Growth

How to Welcome the Month of Ramadan?

Zakat and Charity - Our Gratitude to Allah

What kind of fasting is pleasing to Allah?

Muslims and Non-Muslims in each other's funeral

The Glorious Qur'an: How to Benefit from Its Blessings?

Grace and Good Deeds

The Spirit of Eid-ul-Fitr

Purpose of our Life : The Islamic Perspective

Hajj of the Prophet - Peace Be Upon Him

Renting Property to a Liquor Store, Warranties

Marrying in the Family, Prostration, the first Mosque

Following Sunnah, Hijab, Marrying a Non-Muslim Male, Celebrating Halloween

A Week of Sadness: Shameful Killings in Iraq and Pakistan

Hijrah: The Way to Brotherhood

"Grieve Not, Allah is With Us:" The Spirit of Hijrah

Pakistan with Shoes on, Abortion, Satan and Heaven

Abortion, Medical Tests, Marrying Older Women

Protecting Children, Lying Jokingly

Sweepstakes, Children's Money and Palmistry

Prophet Muhammad: Universal Mercy

Prophet Muhammad: Universal Mercy

Prayers with Cosmetics on, Paper Marriages

Green Card Lottery, Chain Letter and Divorce
Credit Cards, Gold Coins, Walimah, Learning Quran in English, Nanjas Clothes

Prophet Muhammad as a Political Leader

Surah al-Tin: Some Reflections

"Infields" and Killing in the Name of Islam

Good Relations

Islamic Names for New Muslims, Mother's Inheritance, Weddings in Muharram

Issues on Numerical Miracles of the Qur'an, Internet Chats between Males and Females

Family Relations in Islam

Unity Among Muslims

Spirit and Witnesses for Marriage

Double Standards: A Woe for Humanity

Recycled Water and Copyrights

Principles and Goals of Development: An Islamic PerspectiveWomen in Janazah Prayers, Husband and Wife Praying Together
The Spirit of Tolerance in Islam
The Holy Qur’an: How to Benefit from Its Blessings
Zakat on Line, Divorce, Mosques and Political

Questions and Answers by By Dr Muzammil H. Siddiqi

Peace, Harmony and Good Community:
Challenges Ahead for the Muslims of America

Thanksgiving in Islam

Business Ethics in Islam

The Way to Success and Salvation:
‘Reflections on Súrah al-‘Aßr

Relocating a Mosque
Praying Jummah Zawal, Selling Pork, Reading the Quran at Same Level
Issues and Questions
Issues and Questions
Reflections on Hajj

Hajj Akbar, Qurbani, Taharah and Zakat
Islamic Names for New Muslims, Mother’s Inheritance
Seven Great Characters
Woman Imam Leading Men and Women in Salat
Questions of Life and Death
Hajj During Íddah, Marriage without Financial Obligations, Urinating in Standing Position

Issues and Questions
Prayers with Pictures in the Room, Madhahib and Unity

Prophet Muhammad as a Humanitarian Leader
Du'a after the Fard Prayers, Fasting in Shawal, Nikah through E-mail
Zakat, Umra, Settlement Money in Car Accidents
Ten Principles of Success in the Light of Sirah

Prophet Muhammad: Allah’s Mercy to the Worlds and Favor to the Faithful
Zakat, Tattoos, and Movies
Zakat and Ramadan Issues
Wudu, Shab-e-Barat and Observance of Ramadan
Sajdah, Meaning of Makruh, Women and Jannah
Culture in Islam
Prenuptial Agreements, Non-practicing Parents, Zakat
Facial Plastic Surgery, Bell, Feet Covering, Fasting
Terrorism: A Crime against Allah and Humanity
Partition for Women inside the Masjid
Distribution of Sadqah Money, Non-Muslims Relatives, Wudu
Martial Arts, Court Marriages, He for Allah
Issues and Questions
Are Marriages Made in Heaven? Nawafil Prayers
Number of Prophets, Qada Prayer, Women in Cemetery
How to Welcome the Month of Ramadan
Wudu, Salah, and Dawah
Preparing for Death, Marriage, Wearing T-Shirts in Masjid
Hands in Salat, Translation of Qur’an, and Student Loans
Areas of Cooperation between the Muslims in America and the Muslim World
Issues and Questions
Thanksgiving in Islam
The Natural and Man-made Disasters and Our Response: The Message of Eidul Fitr 1426
Importance of Islamic Environment
The Makkah Declaration of Muslim Heads of State
Disability Insurance, Madhahib and Migration
Husband and Wife Fighting, Hijra & Muharram
14 things to remember for Eid day
Engagement, Poetry, and Qada' Prayers
Women Imams, Circumcision, Non-Muslims in the Masjid
Islamic Worldview: An Invitation to Proper Thought and Action
New Year of Hijrah 1427: A Time of Reflection and Renewal
Freedom of Expression or Freedom to Abuse
Natural Disasters: Punishment or Test from Allah (SWT)?
Al-Istihza’bi al-Din: Mockery or Making Fun of Religion
Sad and Painful News from Iraq Relations between Sunnis and Shi‘is
Love of Prophet Muhammad – peace be upon him
Burial, Visiting Spouse's Relatives

The Last Sermon of the Prophet
Working for Peace in This World
True Wisdom: The Source of Abundant Fortune
Prophet ‘Isa (Jesus) –peace be upon him - and the Controversy around the Da Vinci Code
Truth, Honesty and Good Relations
Workers Justice in Islam
A Clash of Civilizations or A Civilization of Clashes?
Is there Fascism in Islam?

The Spiritual and Moral Health of the Heart
Respect of Nature and Natural Resources
From Ignorance to Enlightenment: The Achievement of Prophet Muhammad – Peace be upon him
Working Together: A Human Necessity and an Islamic Mandate
Ihsan: The Art of Living in Islam
Ethical Judgment in Islam
The Role of Masajid and Islamic Schools in Muslim Life
Pure Faith and Righteous Actions: Muslim Character
Building Alliances: Promoting Goodness in the World
Metamorphosis of a Culture: Being Muslim Americans
Salat: The Key to Good Life

The Makkah Appeal for Interfaith Dialogue
Bridging the Generation Gap
Avoid Corruption, Seek Mercy and Be Merciful
Concept of Human Dignity: Its Implications and Applications
Independence Day: A Day of Celebration and a Day of Responsibility
Dealing with the Financial Crisis
Marriage and Family Life in Islam
Some Comments on Proposition 8 and Domestic Violence

Participation in the Society and Voting for Muslims in America
Domestic Violence: A Crime and a Sin
The Ten Commandments: Allah’s Universal Message
Fatwa and Its Importance in Islam
Ummah: Characteristics of a Model Community
Brotherhood and Sisterhood in Islam
Faith and Morality: Two Interconnected Aspects of Islam
Welcoming the Month of Ramadan
The Pillars of Islam: The Shahadah and Its Affects
Dealing with Others: The Islamic Perspective

Prophet Muhammad: A Rahmah for the Worlds
Sources of Dynamism in Islam

Prophet Muhammad: A Rahmah for the Worlds
Prophet Muhammad: The Good News
Basic Commitments of Muslims
What It Means to Be a Muslim Today?

Basic Philosophy and Objectives of the Shari'ah
Can Muslims Be Good Americans?


Editor: Akhtar M. Faruqui
© 2004 . All Rights Reserved.